Social Media / Web 2.0 Technology

Social Media is playing key role in transculture flow and development of Culture Industry.It bridges gap among Nations and culture . It builds a multiculture ,multilinguistics and multiethnic Society.Web 2.0 Technology and other Online practices are vital to construct a real Global Village and has both positive and negative connotations of Impact of the Web 2.0 technologies  on cross border culture transmission and formation of Culture Industries in Asia.Various web 2.0 or online tools are available and are being explored by the people specially Youth. Facebook has been launched in 2004  & 845 million active user as Feb 2012 .It is rapidly approaching 1 billion user with adoption rate 75 %.Twitter is online Social Network Service & Microblogging service invented by Jack Dorsey in March 2006 that enables it’s user to send and receive text base posts upto 140 Character know as tweets.Twitter has adoption rate of 20 % .Another Youtube is video sharing web site and 54 languages versions are available and launched in Feb 14, 2005.Myspace and Linkedin are also some other Web 2.0 tools with adoption rate respectively 13 % and 10% .Developed Countries are more exploring these technologies as comparision with Developing Counrties .Wiki and blogging be the vital tools to strengthening citizen’s  voice and share news about culture , language , Food , Polictics ,life style and Economy with each other.

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The 9th IISS Asia Security Summit “ The Shangri-La Dialogue.

The 9th IISS Asia Security Summit “ The Shangri-La Dialogue” was held from 4-6 June 2010 at Shangri – La Hotel , Singapore. Several World Leaders , Top Military Brass , Head of states and Defence Ministers and Analyst participated in the Summit.Electronic and print Media all over the world were gathered to cover the event.It is ‘s an honour for me to participate as press or media representative to cover the event.Opening Reception was held at Island Foyer and bilateral meetings between defence Ministers and officials were continue all over the day.Director General and Chief Executive of IISS higlighted the work of IISS and history and importance of the Summit.

H.E. Lee Myung – Bak  , President Republic of Korea has delivered Keynote spech . In his key note Spech , He Stated Asia is one of the  main pillar to susutaining Global Order of the today. Asia has been advocating open regionalism and APEC has been its main vehicles to realizing this goal.He also empasize on security situation in and around Korean Peninsula and the role APEC is playing to eradicate terrorism, fighting climate change , stopping the proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and materials and attaining Food and Energy Security. He stated Asia is faced with both the traditional security threats and the new types of comprehensive security threats are remnants of the 20th century such as extreme nationalism or the conflict surrounding history. The proliferation of WMD is also a problem that we have inherited from the past. While the Cold War is over, the threats still remain. North Korea has repeatedly attacked us, time and time again. But every time we exercised patience and refrained for the sake of peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula .North Korea pursuing its nuclear weapons ambition and the recent attack by North Korea against the Cheonan are not matters pertaining only to the Republic of Korea. These are serious threats to peace, stability and prosperity of Northeast Asia and global security. It is the responsibility of the international community to help the North Korean leadership understand this: buying time to build nuclear weapons is not going to help them achieve their goal of becoming a so-called “Strong Nation.” Such wishful thinking will in no way ensure their survival. He urged the North Korean leadership to heed to final document that was unanimously adopted by the 189 members who took part during the NPT Review Conference last May 28th. Give up your nuclear weapons ambition. It is never too late for North Korea to give up their nuclear ambitions.

On 5th June 2010, US Defense Secretary Robert Gates addressed the first plenary Session “ Strengthening Security Partnership in Asia Pacific “.He emphasised  US is a Pacific nation and is, and will remain, a power in the Pacific. I do so for a reason: with sovereign territory and longstanding economic and cultural ties to this region, America’s security interests and economic well-being are integrally tied to Asia’s. He has provided an overview of how the US sees its responsibilities in the Asia-Pacific region within the context of broader US defence priorities and events over the past year. Today, the Asia-Pacific region is contending with new and evolving challenges, from rising powers and failing states, to the proliferation of nuclear and ballistic missiles, extremist violence, and new technologies that have the ability to disrupt the foundations of trade and commerce on which Asia’s economic stability depends. Confronting these threats is not the task of any one nation acting alone.

He Stated that  It has become clear to us that an effective, affordable, and sustainable US defence posture requires a broad portfolio of military capabilities with maximum versatility across the widest possible spectrum of conflict.He also highlighted the progress and state of relationship between US and China.He stated the president of both countries had commited to adavance Military – Military relationship .There could no progress in recent months . Chinese officials have broken off interactions between our militaries, citing US arms sales to Taiwan as the rational. He stated because China’s accelerating military build-up is largely focused on Taiwan, US arms sales are an important component of maintaining peace and stability in cross-strait relations and throughout the region. Building greater trust and enhancing transparency is a common interest of all the countries represented here. On this note, I welcome the increase in recent years of multilateral forums in which Asian countries can discuss security issues and share information. We can only deal with the complex threats of the twenty-first century through an increased commitment to results-oriented multilateral cooperation.
In Asia, we have placed a particular importance on the maritime commons for many years – for security, for trade and commerce, and free passage. In this respect, the South China Sea is an area of growing concern. This sea is not only vital to those directly bordering it, but to all nations with economic and security interests in Asia. Our policy is clear: it is essential that stability, freedom of navigation, and free and unhindered economic development be maintained. Another aspect of maritime security – and the overall US defence strategy in this region – is building partner capacity. Whether in the Gulf of Aden, or in Iraq, or in Afghanistan, the nations of Asia are making vital contributions to international operations. They are demonstrating real responsibility on the global stage.

 

Robert Gates in his spech  stated  that On the other hand, we all face the reality of North Korea, which continues to undermine the peace and stability of Asia. As you know, on March 26th, North Korea, in an unprovoked attack, sank the Cheonan, a South Korean ship patrolling South Korean territorial waters, and in so doing killed 46 South Korean sailors. This sinking is far more than a single, isolated incident with tragic results for the sailors and their families. Since the sinking of the Cheonan, the US, the Republic of Korea, and others have been in close consultations. My government has offered full support of our ally in this difficult hour. We will conduct combined military exercises with South Korea and support action in the United Nations Security Council. We are, and will remain, a Pacific power. There is no question that, in the future, even more than in the past, the safety, security, and economic well-being of the US will be increasingly linked to Asia.

Shivshankar Menon, National Security Advisor to Prime Minister of India,Toshimi Kitazawa, Minister of Defense Japan and  General Ma Xiaotian, Deputy Chief of General Staff ,People’s Liberation Army  China  addressed the second plenary session “ New Dimensions of Security “.Third Plenary Session was on “ Alliances and Partnerships in Asia Pacific Security.The Speakers were include Dr. Liam Fox, Secretary of State for Defense-United Kingdom, Mr. Kim Tae Young , Minister of National Defense,Republic of Korea and Senator John Faulkner, Minister for Defence , Australia.Ministrial Lunch was hosted by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence, Singapore , Teo Chee Hean.Three Simultaneous Special Sessions were held on themes “ Offensive Capability Proliferation, Controlling WMD Proliferation and reassessing the Security Challenges of Climate Change under the Chair of Dr. Tim Huxley,Mark Fitzpatrick and Nigel Inkster respectively.Three more special sessions were occurred simultaneously at Casuarina,Acacia & Banyan Ballrooms of the Hotel.General Khalid Shameem Wynne,Chief of the General Staff ,Pakistan .Major General Taur Matan , Chief of the Defence Forces, Timore –Leste,Vice Admiral Denis Rouleau, Vice Chief of the Defence Staff , Canada  were the panelist at the session “Nation-Building Amidst Conflict”.The remaining two sessions were on “The Future of National Defence Industries “ and “ New Dimensions of Conflict ; Space and Cyber Warfare.Noteable Speakers of these sessions were Russian Vice Chief of the General Staff,Vice President ,Lockheed Martin Global Inc, Chief of the Defence Staff ,United Kingdom and Secretary General for National Defence , United Kingdom.

A Reception and Dinner were hosted by Acting President of Singapore , H.E.  J. Y. Pilay in the honour of the Participants & Speakers of the Summit at Istana.On 6 June 2010, Plenary Sessions were held at Island Ballroom of the Hotel. Malaysian , Chile’s and New Zealand’s Minister of Defense addressed the Fourth Plenary Session of the Summit.The Fifth and the Sixth Plenary Sessions were respectively on Counter-Insurgency and Strengthening Governance and Renewing the regional  Security Architecture.Russian Deputy Prime Minister , Sergei Ivanov and Sri Lankan Minister of  External Affairs , Prof. G L Peiris addressed the session on Counter Insurgency and Strengthening Governance.General Phung Quang Thanh, Minister of National Defence, Vietnam, Indonesian Minister of Defence  and Teo Chee Hean , Deputy Prime Minister  and Minister for Defence, Singapore were among the speakers of the final Plenary session of the Conference.At the end of this three day hectic Conference , Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence , Singapore hosted closing Ministerial Lunch.

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ICT 4 Development, An Analysis

ICT provides great opportunity for all regardless of region, culture ,language  and race.I do not think that ICTs and internet can bring about any major negative consequences, especially for developing  countries.ICT in the development  and poverty reduction sector is used as a tool to strengthen the capacity of the poor to accumulate assets and to reduce vulnerability of the poor to external shocks and risks.ICTs have repeatedly demonstrated their potential for alleviating poverty in developing countries.In many instances, poor people have experienced benefits in the form of, increased income,better health care, improved education & training, access to job opportunities,engagement with government services,contacts with friends & family,enterprise devlopment opportunities, increase agricultural productivity and so on. However , in probably all cases, these experiences have arisen from highly focused and locally intensive pilot projects that were experiemntal in nature. While doubts and uncertainties continue to exist with regard to applicability of ICTs to the problems of poor, such projects contribute immeasurably to the growing body of knowledge and experience that is required in order to understand the conditions under which  ICT can be usefully applied to development and alleviation of poverty.Specifically in the area of microlending , ICTs can be used to extend  the reach of lending institutions into under-served areas, improve efficiency of processing of microloans , establish secure records and identifies for customers , and lower transaction cost. A wide range of organisations in developing countries especially in india have become involved in using ICT for development  and brought changes in the lives of  poor people through benfitting the base of payramid.

There have been some heartening developments at the local level, as well as few success stories, which should be noted :

The Gunawad success story : Nobody in Kal Singh’s village of Gunawad in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh could afford to buy his Jersey cow. He took the problem to the local net kiosk where a net-enabled software called Gram Haat (Village Market) he advertised his cow. The entrant connected 32 villages and after some e-haggling, he got a buyer from the village Dilwara for Rs.3,000 ($75) The Gram Haat is one of the applications of Gyandoot, a rural e-governance project that is panchayat-funded (funded at the level of the village) but privately managed through kiosks in Madhya Pradesh.

Craftswomen use ICT to sell handicrafts : Another success story exists in the Northern state Uttar Pradesh’s Jhansi where women have been relying extensively on the internet to generate business inquiries from interested customers based worldwide in their handicrafts. They are able to use the Net to negotiate a fair pricing for their products without an intermediary; and also get repeat business from the buyers. Earlier these craftswomen were exploited by the middlemen who used to retain bulk of the sale proceeds from the crafts; giving the women a small share. Now they have started using the Internet for sourcing a new variety of crafts that they are unable to make and in which their buyers are interested. There has been an improvement in their living standards and lifestyle for the last over two years now.

Youth Gets Employment

In Orangi (one of the largest slum of Asia) within Karachi-Pakistan which   had a major problem of unemployment among youth,  most of them had completed their matriculation and intermediate but could not get any employment and some of these youth had been indulged in different minor crimes.  PAK Education Society(An NGO in Karachi, Pakistan) had initiated a step of equiping them with ICT skills and enable them to get jobs in different offices /call centers.Now, hundreeds of youth got employment and thousands of people at the base of payramid benifitted through the potential of ICT.

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Network Neutrality

Network neutrality (also net neutrality, Internet neutrality) is a Principal proposed for residential broadband and potentially for all networks. A neutral broadband network is one that is free of restrictions on content, sites, or platforms, on the kinds of equipment that may be attached, and on the modes of communication allowed, as well as one where communication is not unreasonably degraded by other communication streams.

Network Neutrality — or “Net Neutrality” for short — is the guiding principle that preserves the free and open Internet. Put simply, Net Neutrality means no discrimination. Net Neutrality prevents Internet providers from blocking, speeding up or slowing down Web content based on its source, ownership or destination.
When we long on to internet .We assume that we can get access to every kind of web site and we can use any feature we like such as surfing ,watching online videos, listening music, seraching , e-mailing and instant messaging.We als feel free to attanch any device like speakers,digital camera, wireles routers etc. What makes all these assumptions possible is “Network Neutrality,” the guiding principle that ensures the Internet remains free and unrestricted.
Net Neutrality prevents the companies that control the wires bringing you the Internet from discriminating against content based on its ownership or source.

Small business owners benefit from an Internet that allows them to compete directly. Net Neutrality ensures that innovators can start small and dream big about being the next EBay or Google without facing any significant  hurdles. The consequences of a world without Net Neutrality would be devastating. Innovation would be stifled, competition limited, and access to information restricted. Consumer choice and the free market would be sacrificed to the interests of a few corporate executives. Millions of people in this planet  rely upon an open Internet in their daily lives. Our  leaders must protect our basic right to communicate from those who want to take it from us.I strongly urged for  protect the free-flowing Internet from blocking.

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PAK Education Society (PES) – Empowering Poor Pakistanis through Education

Education play key role in alleviating poverty, reducing conflicts/terrorism and resolving various Socio-Economic issues in under served or Developing Economies. Pakistan one of the prominent country in the world having abundant Natural and HumanResources .It also has significant importance in Global Economy and Politics due to it’s Geo Political conditions and Strategic location.
Country is confronting with several issues and challenges including Poverty, Unemployment, Terrorism and Gender disparity. Low literacy rate, lack of competitive Education and Skills are the root causes of all these problems.Government has failed to cater the Social needs and provide adequate Education Fascilities /Services to people of Pakistan.But in few decades private sector , various NGOs and Social Enterprises have contributed exceptionally in raising literacy rate and provided enterprsie solutions to these greatest challenges.

One of the lighthouse that sheds light in the darkness of iliteracy and give a ray of hope to the dwellers of islands of hopelessness is ”PAK Education Society”. PAK Education Society(PES) is one of the fast paced Social Enterprise /NGO in Pakistan has made significant contribution in increasing literacy rate in the country particularly female literacy rate. The Society is mainly serving the people at the base of the pyramid. It manages a Network of Educational Institutions imparting quality Education to children of marginalized and less privilege communities.PES has explored the entrepreneurial approach to expand it’s Educational Network .PES is established by a group of like minded people from middle and lower middle class.PES has adopted innovative approaches to embark the people or community in it’s project designing and implementation .School Management Committes and Parents Teachers Associations have been constituted to build a sense of ownership in the community for which the society is serving. Most of the faculty of the School consist of alumni of the PES’s Schools.Many graduates of the Schools are working in different national and international organisations and contributing for Nation’s Development. In it’s initial days it focused in some outskirts, suburb and slum areas of Karachi .Now, It has expanded it’s network to rural Sindh.

Female literacy rate is very low in Pakistan specially in some specific communities like pashtun tribes .PES ‘s Geographical focus areas are also abode of Pashtun tribes whom migrated from FATA and Northern Part of Pakistan to Karachi in search of better life and opportunities.They reside at the hills of the outskirts of Karachi.PES has been crusading with the traditional extremism, narrow mindness and cultural barriers impeding the growth and promotion of Education in female.Under this circumstances PES had to set up seprate schools for Girls and non formal literacy centers at home place too . Those who graduates from these institutions starts teaching at their home or PES’s Educational Institutions.PES has also launched a comprehensive advocacy campaign to inspire and motivate people to send Girls for Education.

PES is exploring innovative approaches and teaching methodologies . It endeavours to build democratic values , leadership skills and creativity in students.PES has realized the importance of Human Right and Civic Education and incorporated them in the curriculum.It incubates liberal and democratic values .PES is also exploring the potential of Information and Communication Technology to enable the Children and Youth for surviving ,contesting and thriving in this information age and adapt ourselves for the Globalized Economy.

PES has been facing series problem of Finance & Capital due to unavailability of Venture Capitalist and Government Support in Pakistan.However, a few organisations like German Consulate, TVO, Asia Europe Foundationa, SDC and European Union has provided Financial and Technical Support .This Story depicts an effort to foster a vibrant pluralistic society in Pakistan , which ensures peace and prosperity for all regardless of Gender, Religion,Race and language.

 

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Resources, Action and Commitment for ICT for Development)

I was just looking at the planned workshops for this CIVICUS World  Assembly and was amazed to found several workshops and sessions planned that aimed to highlight the role ICT played in the Development and strengthening Civil Society.But as far as I thought and my experiences and observations are still more rooms are available to explore the potential of ICT for Development, Poverty Alleviation and strenthening of Civil Society.
Various International Organisations like Internet Society , ICANN , IETF , GKP and APAN are making efforts to improve  Internet Governance and ensuring the access and benefits of ICT /Internet for everyone.One of the Workshop planned two Giant organisations Microsoft & Asian Development Bank for this CIVICUS World Assembly tittled “Public & Private Sector Collaboration Harnesses Technology for Good” emphasizing the importance of Civil Society/NGOs/private Sector in Development and Leveraging of  ICT & Technology.It gives  examples from Indonesia and India demonstrating the use of Community Technology Centres / Livelihood Centres to ensure citizens have access to information.This workshops shows a sign of  commitment  from Both of Multilateral  Agency and Corporation to work along with NGOs /Civil Society and private Sector for ICT4 Development which rarely found or could not properly explore or tape in the past.One of the major contsraint in growth of ICT 4 Development agenda is lack of commitment from International Donor Agencies and  Corporations to privide financial resources . In the past SDC, CIDA and infodev had shown their fully attention to forming Global information Society and utilizing ICT for Development by provision of adequate financial resource.UN World Summit on Information Society  both Geneva and Tunis Phase had highlighted a commitment from Internationaol Donor Agencies , Governments and Corporations for provision of resources for ICT4 Development  and forming Knowledge /information Society but the International Community specially Civil Society , Youth and Developing Economies  are seeking or awaiting for the action and real initiatives from aforementioned entities and Agencies.

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Government Initiatives to Promote Information and Communication Technology in Pakistan

Pakistan despite of it’s meager resources making  efforts to prmote ICT in remote areas of Pakistan so people could leverage Technology for their upliftment.But these efforts are still fruitless.I would like to share a few of Government initiatives in this direction that aim to bring Technology for everyone.These initiatives cold not attain their targets till now but in process to achieve it . Most of these projects or endeavours lack Civil Society engagement and a firm commitment from Government to provide require financial resources.Govt of Pakistan could not launch Pakistan’s  ICT Policy till now however it has succeeded to formulate a draft National ICT Policy after a series of  Consultation which highlighted more crucial areas need to address.Universal Service Fund (USF) was established  in 2007 by the Government of Pakistan (Ministry of Information Technology) to spread the benefits of the telecom revolution to all corners of Pakistan. Universal Service Fund promotes the development of telecommunication services in un-served and under-served areas throughout the length and breadth of the country. The fund consists of contributions (1.5% of adjusted revenues) by the Telecom Operators with no Government funding involved. To utilize this fund for achievement of the targets, it was decided to follow a Corporate Model. This led to establishment of Universal Service Fund (USF) Company under Section 42 of the Companies Ordinance 1984. Universal Service Fund (USF) has an independent Board of Directors equally balanced between four members from the government and four from the private sector (industry and consumers). Universal Service Fund (USF) has also launched special projects to establish  Multi-purpose Community Telecentres and Telemedicine Networks all over the country. These projects aim at introducing and promoting e-services in the country especially where availability of PCs and computer literacy are the main issues.USF has Converted 11 Computer Centers into Multipurpose Telecenters and only one in Karachi rural areas.
The National ICT R&D Fund was established in January 2007 by Ministry of Information Technology & Telecom, Government of Pakistan. The purpose behind the establishment of this R&D Fund is to support research and development projects proposed by industry and academia. This R&D fund is contributed in the form of a certain percentage of gross revenue generated by all telecom service providers in Pakistan..

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Young Leaders Conference 2011 in Pakistan

The Young Leaders’ Conference (YLC), 2011 was  held in Pakistan with the slogan of ‘Faith, Unity, Discipline and Revolution’  having theme of ‘Change the Way You Think,’ from 1st  to 6th  July 2011 . Mr. Raza Haroon , Member Provincial Assembly Sindh  was the Chief Guest at this occasion. He spoke that nature had bestowed Pakistan with the wealth of diversity and our country was enriched with all natural resources. Haroon urged participants to create all required abilities of leadership in themselves. He also talked about the history of world and leadership.YLC is an Annual  6-days residential conference where youth from all over the country, interact and network with each other and leading personalities from the world of business, development, politics, academia and culture interlocate/address with the mob or gathering of Young Leaders . Participants take part in plenary and syndicate sessions, and engage in activities and simulations that facilitate learning of essential leadership skills needed to excel in our competitive edge. Faisal Qureshi an Entrepreneur and Anchor person delivered the Keynote address .In which he emphasized the importance of listening other’s perspective. Other Speakers include Managing Director, Cisco Pakistan ,Director, Teachers Development Center,Chairmam, Youth Parliament of Pakistan,CEO- EGO,Corporate Events Manager, Shell Pakistan Limited,President, All Pakistan Memon Foundation,Chairman, The Citizens Foundation,Vice President , The Citizens’ Foundation,CEO, Dewan Drilling. Shema Kermani, Deepak Perwani, Sidra Iqbal, Dr Zsuzsnana Fajcsak, Shazia Khawar and Khalid Malik.Youth belonging to different background expressed their views and concern about their future and career as well as Nation and  Country . They shared their experience in their institutions and obstacles that impede their growth .

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nergy Crisis & Internet Connectivity in Pakistan

While the largest and industrialized cities blink at night, Pakistan is a country where a large population is living without electricity and other social services, especially in rural and peri-urban areas. In previous years, energy crisis has become a severe issue for the residents of Pakistan’s mega cities like Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad. Dwellers of Karachi has been suffering badly with frequent power breakdown and lack of supply for several years and it culminated in the last three years. This electric crisis in the biggest city of Pakistan impeding the usage of ICT and the growth in development. Like all major cities of Pakistan, Karachi has good broadband Internet facilities in posh areas and few Internet cafes are also available. However, in slums and suburb areas of Karachi the Internet cafes and public telecenters are very rare. There are few Internet users and no proper ICT education in these suburb areas of Karachi. The situation is worse in rural areas where literacy rate and particularly ICT  literacy is very low. Some organisations of the civil society are making efforts to promote ICT in these areas, but due to unavailability of resources from the government and non-governmental/private spheres their efforts are still dismal. This present energy crisis is also hampering the promotion of ICT in the suburb, slum and rural areas of Pakistan. Solar technology and other renewable energy technologies are one of the best solution for this energy crisis, but it requires a holistic approach and a strong commitment from the government and the civil society. The major set back or obstacle for promotion of renewable and solar technologies is its cost of production while existance of adequate sunlight and wind in Pakistan are an added advantage for the exploration of renewable energy in countries like Pakistan.

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1st International Pakistan Social Media Conference 2011

Over 200 bloggers across Pakistan along with fellows from Malaysia, Indonesia, Egypt, the U.S and Netherlands gathered in Karachi at Pakistan’s Premier Social Media Summit. The Event began with three panel discussions on Education and Good Governance, Women and Social Activism in New Media Era.These panel discussions were followed by 20 different breakout sessions. The day long interactive session was sponsored jointly by PCWorld, Google, Intel, iRaffles and media partners Newsweek pakistan, Express Media Group, City89FM and the US. Consulate General in Karachi.

US Consul General in Karachi William Martin, Express Tribune Editor Kamal Siddiqui and Intel Pakistan Country Manger Naveed Siraj addressed the event. Mohamed El Dahshan of  travellerwithin.com -Egypt, Hanny Kusumawati of Coin a Chance- Egypt and Anandita Puspitasari of Bogor Watch- Indonisia elaborated their own Blogging History, Achievements, Pitfalls and Social Media Campaigns.Some of Leading Bloggers, Writers and activists from Pakistan noteably Awab Alvi blogger @ TeethMaestro-Pakistan highlighted his experience as a blogger , Sana Saleem Co-Founder Gawahi.Com-Pakistan,Imran Hussain and Sherbano Taseer also shed light on different issues confronting the blogging community in Pakistan and their own experiences as user of web 2.0 tools and blogger .

Pakistan has a lively and active blogging community where over three million blogger/citizen journalist are continuously interacting with global community through web 2.0 tools.There are 4.3 million Facebook accounts, 79 % of total users are under 34 and 50 % between 18-24. Twitter ranks as the 9th most popular website in Pakistan, one percent of all Twitter users come from Pakistan.The number of Internet user in Pakistan is very low specially remote and neglected areas due to lack of Education and unavailability of Internet access.Pakistan is included in those countries where government spending on Education is about 2 % of GDP while on IT is less then 0.1 percent. There is very few government and non government organisations that are engaged in promoting ICT. Unavailability of Funding resources from government and international organisations is a major obstacle in the growth of Internet user in Pakistan

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