The 9th IISS Asia Security Summit “ The Shangri-La Dialogue” was held from 4-6 June 2010 at Shangri – La Hotel , Singapore. Several World Leaders , Top Military Brass , Head of states and Defence Ministers and Analyst participated in the Summit.Electronic and print Media all over the world were gathered to cover the event.It is ‘s an honour for me to participate as press or media representative to cover the event.Opening Reception was held at Island Foyer and bilateral meetings between defence Ministers and officials were continue all over the day.Director General and Chief Executive of IISS higlighted the work of IISS and history and importance of the Summit.
H.E. Lee Myung – Bak , President Republic of Korea has delivered Keynote spech . In his key note Spech , He Stated Asia is one of the main pillar to susutaining Global Order of the today. Asia has been advocating open regionalism and APEC has been its main vehicles to realizing this goal.He also empasize on security situation in and around Korean Peninsula and the role APEC is playing to eradicate terrorism, fighting climate change , stopping the proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and materials and attaining Food and Energy Security. He stated Asia is faced with both the traditional security threats and the new types of comprehensive security threats are remnants of the 20th century such as extreme nationalism or the conflict surrounding history. The proliferation of WMD is also a problem that we have inherited from the past. While the Cold War is over, the threats still remain. North Korea has repeatedly attacked us, time and time again. But every time we exercised patience and refrained for the sake of peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula .North Korea pursuing its nuclear weapons ambition and the recent attack by North Korea against the Cheonan are not matters pertaining only to the Republic of Korea. These are serious threats to peace, stability and prosperity of Northeast Asia and global security. It is the responsibility of the international community to help the North Korean leadership understand this: buying time to build nuclear weapons is not going to help them achieve their goal of becoming a so-called “Strong Nation.” Such wishful thinking will in no way ensure their survival. He urged the North Korean leadership to heed to final document that was unanimously adopted by the 189 members who took part during the NPT Review Conference last May 28th. Give up your nuclear weapons ambition. It is never too late for North Korea to give up their nuclear ambitions.
On 5th June 2010, US Defense Secretary Robert Gates addressed the first plenary Session “ Strengthening Security Partnership in Asia Pacific “.He emphasised US is a Pacific nation and is, and will remain, a power in the Pacific. I do so for a reason: with sovereign territory and longstanding economic and cultural ties to this region, America’s security interests and economic well-being are integrally tied to Asia’s. He has provided an overview of how the US sees its responsibilities in the Asia-Pacific region within the context of broader US defence priorities and events over the past year. Today, the Asia-Pacific region is contending with new and evolving challenges, from rising powers and failing states, to the proliferation of nuclear and ballistic missiles, extremist violence, and new technologies that have the ability to disrupt the foundations of trade and commerce on which Asia’s economic stability depends. Confronting these threats is not the task of any one nation acting alone.
He Stated that It has become clear to us that an effective, affordable, and sustainable US defence posture requires a broad portfolio of military capabilities with maximum versatility across the widest possible spectrum of conflict.He also highlighted the progress and state of relationship between US and China.He stated the president of both countries had commited to adavance Military – Military relationship .There could no progress in recent months . Chinese officials have broken off interactions between our militaries, citing US arms sales to Taiwan as the rational. He stated because China’s accelerating military build-up is largely focused on Taiwan, US arms sales are an important component of maintaining peace and stability in cross-strait relations and throughout the region. Building greater trust and enhancing transparency is a common interest of all the countries represented here. On this note, I welcome the increase in recent years of multilateral forums in which Asian countries can discuss security issues and share information. We can only deal with the complex threats of the twenty-first century through an increased commitment to results-oriented multilateral cooperation.
In Asia, we have placed a particular importance on the maritime commons for many years – for security, for trade and commerce, and free passage. In this respect, the South China Sea is an area of growing concern. This sea is not only vital to those directly bordering it, but to all nations with economic and security interests in Asia. Our policy is clear: it is essential that stability, freedom of navigation, and free and unhindered economic development be maintained. Another aspect of maritime security – and the overall US defence strategy in this region – is building partner capacity. Whether in the Gulf of Aden, or in Iraq, or in Afghanistan, the nations of Asia are making vital contributions to international operations. They are demonstrating real responsibility on the global stage.
Robert Gates in his spech stated that On the other hand, we all face the reality of North Korea, which continues to undermine the peace and stability of Asia. As you know, on March 26th, North Korea, in an unprovoked attack, sank the Cheonan, a South Korean ship patrolling South Korean territorial waters, and in so doing killed 46 South Korean sailors. This sinking is far more than a single, isolated incident with tragic results for the sailors and their families. Since the sinking of the Cheonan, the US, the Republic of Korea, and others have been in close consultations. My government has offered full support of our ally in this difficult hour. We will conduct combined military exercises with South Korea and support action in the United Nations Security Council. We are, and will remain, a Pacific power. There is no question that, in the future, even more than in the past, the safety, security, and economic well-being of the US will be increasingly linked to Asia.
Shivshankar Menon, National Security Advisor to Prime Minister of India,Toshimi Kitazawa, Minister of Defense Japan and General Ma Xiaotian, Deputy Chief of General Staff ,People’s Liberation Army China addressed the second plenary session “ New Dimensions of Security “.Third Plenary Session was on “ Alliances and Partnerships in Asia Pacific Security.The Speakers were include Dr. Liam Fox, Secretary of State for Defense-United Kingdom, Mr. Kim Tae Young , Minister of National Defense,Republic of Korea and Senator John Faulkner, Minister for Defence , Australia.Ministrial Lunch was hosted by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence, Singapore , Teo Chee Hean.Three Simultaneous Special Sessions were held on themes “ Offensive Capability Proliferation, Controlling WMD Proliferation and reassessing the Security Challenges of Climate Change under the Chair of Dr. Tim Huxley,Mark Fitzpatrick and Nigel Inkster respectively.Three more special sessions were occurred simultaneously at Casuarina,Acacia & Banyan Ballrooms of the Hotel.General Khalid Shameem Wynne,Chief of the General Staff ,Pakistan .Major General Taur Matan , Chief of the Defence Forces, Timore –Leste,Vice Admiral Denis Rouleau, Vice Chief of the Defence Staff , Canada were the panelist at the session “Nation-Building Amidst Conflict”.The remaining two sessions were on “The Future of National Defence Industries “ and “ New Dimensions of Conflict ; Space and Cyber Warfare.Noteable Speakers of these sessions were Russian Vice Chief of the General Staff,Vice President ,Lockheed Martin Global Inc, Chief of the Defence Staff ,United Kingdom and Secretary General for National Defence , United Kingdom.
A Reception and Dinner were hosted by Acting President of Singapore , H.E. J. Y. Pilay in the honour of the Participants & Speakers of the Summit at Istana.On 6 June 2010, Plenary Sessions were held at Island Ballroom of the Hotel. Malaysian , Chile’s and New Zealand’s Minister of Defense addressed the Fourth Plenary Session of the Summit.The Fifth and the Sixth Plenary Sessions were respectively on Counter-Insurgency and Strengthening Governance and Renewing the regional Security Architecture.Russian Deputy Prime Minister , Sergei Ivanov and Sri Lankan Minister of External Affairs , Prof. G L Peiris addressed the session on Counter Insurgency and Strengthening Governance.General Phung Quang Thanh, Minister of National Defence, Vietnam, Indonesian Minister of Defence and Teo Chee Hean , Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence, Singapore were among the speakers of the final Plenary session of the Conference.At the end of this three day hectic Conference , Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence , Singapore hosted closing Ministerial Lunch.